Election Day (USA) 2022: History, Significance and Celebrations

In the United States, the Election Day is annually observed on every first Tuesday after the first Monday of November and this year it is falling on November 8th. 

During elections period election is held during the day and other than that this day is also celebrated as a day to encourage public towards their right of voting to take participation during the elections. 

Presidential elections are held every four years, in years divisible by four, while the elections to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate are held every two years. Other state and local government elections can be held in any year that is designated by the state. 

Event Election Day
Date November 8, 2022
Day Tuesday
Significance The day encourages citizens to exercise their right to vote and vote in elections.
Observed by United States

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Election Day (USA) History: 

The electors were chosen for the first U.S. presidential election on January 7th, 1789. By 1792, federal law permitted each state legislature to choose Presidential electors any time within a 34-day period before the first Wednesday in December. A November election was convenient because the harvest would have been completed but the most severe winter weather, impeding transportation, would not yet have arrived, while the new election results also would roughly conform to a new year. As communications and transportation evolved, this became a problem since the states that voted earlier could influence states that voted later. To prevent this, Congress responded by mandating a uniform national date for choosing the electors. 

Tuesday was chosen as Election Day on January 23rd, 1845 so that voters could attend church on Sunday, travel to the polling location (usually in the county seat) on Monday, and vote before Wednesday, which was usually when farmers would sell their produce at the market. Originally, states varied considerably in the method of choosing electors. Gradually, states converged on selection by some form of popular vote. On November 7th, 1848, the first Election Day took place. Whig Party candidate, Zachary Taylor, won out over Free-Soil candidate and former president, Martin Van Buren, and Democrat candidate, Lewis Cass. 

Development of the Morse electric telegraph, funded by Congress in 1843 and successfully tested in 1844, was a technological change that clearly augured an imminent future of instant communication nationwide. To prevent information from one state from influencing Presidential electoral outcomes in another, Congress responded in 1845 by mandating a uniform national date for choosing Presidential electors. This innovation was necessary and played a critical role in carrying out the first Election Day in the country during the elections of 1848 on November 7th. 

Congress chose the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November to harmonize current electoral practice with the existing 34-day window in federal law, as the span between Election Day and the first Wednesday in December is always 29 days. The effect is to constrain Election Day to the week between November 2 and 8 inclusive. Beginning with Presidential elections, states gradually brought most elections into conformity with this date. The Twentieth Amendment, passed in 1933, changed the beginning and end date for the terms of the President, Vice President, Congressmen, and Senators. It did not affect the timing of Election Day. 

Election Day (USA) Significance: 

Election Day occurs only in even-numbered years. Presidential elections are held every four years, in years divisible by four, in which electors for president and vice president are chosen according to the method determined by each state. Elections to the US House of Representatives and the US Senate are held every two years; all representatives are elected to serve two-year terms and are up for election every two years, while senators serve six-year terms, staggered so that one third of senators are elected in any given general election. 

Many state and local government offices are also elected on Election Day as a matter of convenience and cost saving, although a handful of states hold elections for state offices (such as governor) during odd-numbered off years, or during other even-numbered midterm years, and may hold special elections for offices that have become vacant. Congress has mandated a uniform date for presidential and congressional elections, though early voting is nonetheless authorized in many states, and states also have mail voting procedures.

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The majority of the electorate have to attend work on Tuesdays. This has led activists to promote alternatives to increase voter turnout. Alternative solutions include making Election Day a federal holiday or merging it with Veterans Day, observed annually on November 11, allowing voting over multiple days, mandating paid time off to vote, encouraging voters to vote early or vote by postal voting, and encouraging states to promote flexible voting. Most states allow early voting, letting voters cast their ballots before Election Day. Early voting periods vary from 4 to 50 days prior to Election Day. Unconditional early voting in person is allowed in 32 states and in D.C. 

Election is an integral part of any democracy. Without the election process, a democracy cannot function. As citizens, we get the chance to appoint people who will steer affairs and make decisions on our behalf and these decisions that impact our lives and destinies ahead so we needs to take this issue seriously. We enjoy plenty of rights in a democracy. These rights are for our protection and wellbeing. But they go together with duties. To ensure the protection of our rights, we need to perform certain duties, one of which is voting. Hence this day also encourages voter participation in the country. 

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Election Day (USA) Celebrations: 

Every vote matters. We need to vote for the change we want. We cannot expect things to get better unless we make an effort, and that effort starts with a simple vote. So make sure you cast your vote this Election Day and also encourage others to do the same thing as well. Also try to spread awareness regarding this day and importance of voting through your social media so that this message can reach a large number of people. 

Provide rides to polls. This is a great way to ensure that people vote. Before Election Day, Inform people that you will be providing rides to the polls. Get them on board and take them to the polling stations. I mean you have do whatever is necessary towards making people to vote either just by simply telling them or providing them favors on casting their votes. You should also try to make children aware about the importance of voting as future belongs to them so they will be a responsible citizen. 

Use this opportunity to deep dive into the history of the United States politics. Well voting is one thing but voting for the correct candidate is another so to increase your knowledge about politics this us the right time for you to learn more about the history of US politics and this will help you understand the political spectrum of the country so that next time of voting you can be more knowledgeable and aware. 

Most Searched FAQs on Election Day (USA): 

1. When is Election Day in United States celebrated? 

Election Day in United States is annually celebrated on every first Tuesday after the first Monday of November. 

2. Which US President has received the most electoral votes? 

In the 1984 election, Ronald Reagan won 525 out of 538 available electoral votes. 

3. What are the requirements to be president of the United States? 

Article II of the U.S. The Constitution states that the president must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.

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