Japanese Culture Day 2022: History, Significance and Celebrations

In Japan, The Culture Day is annually celebrated on 3rd November. The constitution of Japan established this day as a national holiday. This day is also known as ‘Bunka no Hi’ and mostly celebrates the culture, academia, and arts of Japan. 

This national event is celebrated to pay respects to the traditional Japanese culture and to promote the notion of peace and freedom that is declared in the constitution of Japan.  

It has been a public holiday since 1948, yet officially adopted in 1946 after the Second World War. The first week of November is known as Education and Culture Week, where events relating to education and culture in Japan are carried out to deepen the interest and understanding of the general public, with schools and universities across the country taking part.

Event Japanese Culture Day
Date November 3, 2022
Day Thursday
Significance The public holiday celebrate and honors the Japanese culture
Observed by Japan


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Japanese Culture Day History: 

Japanese culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world and it was influenced from ancient times to the Middle Ages primarily by multiple Chinese dynasties, with substantial derivation from the Tang Dynasty, and to a lesser extent by other Asian countries. For example, one of the scripts for writing in the Japanese language is Chinese characters (kanji), but Japanese has no genetic relationship with Chinese.  Since the Meiji period Japan has been primarily influenced by western countries.

The inhabitants of Japan experienced a long period of relative isolation from the outside world for over 220 years during the Tokugawa shogunate until the arrival of the “Black Ships” and the Meiji period. Today, the culture of Japan stands as one of the most influential cultures around the world, mainly because of the global reach of its popular culture. In 2021, U.S. News & World Report ranked Japan’s cultural influence as the highest in Asia and 5th worldwide. 

The date of November 3rd has always been a notable date in Japan’s history. It was the birthdate of Emperor Meiji, who ruled Japan from 1867 until 1912, his rule ended following his death however it became a national holiday only in 1927 known as Meiji Setsu Day to honour the late Emperor until it was transformed into Culture Day after the Japanese surrender during the second world war. Celebrations for Culture Day do not strictly run on November 3rd but can span across a few days.

After the Japanese defeat and surrender during the Second World War, the newly written Japanese constitution officially replaced this day with the Culture Day in 1946. However it has been celebrated as such since 1948 as a public holiday in the country. Since then this day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy by the Japanese all over the country celebrating their rich culture and traditions and giving message of peace and love around the world.  


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Japanese Culture Day Significance: 

Culture Day, otherwise known as ‘Bunka no Hi’, is a day to honor traditional Japanese culture. On this day, people in Japan honor the country’s rich culture, education, and arts. Exhibits, parades, shows, and festivals erupt in numerous cities, with large crowds in attendance all over the country. The celebrations for Culture Day are not limited to November 3 and they carry on for some days. The various festivities held across the different places in Japan encourage the people to engage in their culture and the museums in the country are free to visit on Culture Day so that people can learn more about their culture and country.

Culture Day is statistically one of the clearest days of the year in Japan. Between 1965 and 1996, there have only been three years with rain occurring in Tokyo on Culture Day. It’s a great day to delve into the rich history and culture of Japan as most museums in Tokyo and across the rest of the country are open for free on Culture Day so this gives visitors an awesome opportunity to witness the rich cultural heritage of Japan on this day hence it also serves as a tourist event as well in the country. 

The importance of this day lies in the fact that it celebrates the freedom and peace of the nation along with proudly displaying its cultural heritage. This day was announced after the Second World War and the constitution of Japan was also announced on this day, hence this day holds a lot of meaning behind the celebrations of it. This is a day which celebrates and honors the rich cultural heritage of Japan and also serves as an opportunity for other people around the world to take a glance at Japan’s culture by delivering a message of peace and cooperation around the world. 

This day also serves as a nice opportunity to promote the Japanese culture all across the globe. The constitution of Japan commits to promoting the culture of Japan. The culture of Japan is so rich and unique that it should be promoted throughout the world. Many awards ceremonies and festivals are held on this day to promote the art and culture of Japan. Big festivals on this day are an enjoyable and unforgettable way to learn about Japanese culture. Overall we can say that it is a very fun celebrations for the people of Japan along with the visitors as well. 


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Japanese Culture Day Celebrations: 

On Culture Day, festivals are held around the country, celebrating traditional Japanese art. There is also a long parade through the city of Hakone where people wear traditional clothing from the Edo era. At the Meiji Shrine (which is named in honor of Emperor Meiji) there are various martial arts demonstrations given throughout the day.

Many prestigious awards ceremonies are also held on this day the major one at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo, which acknowledge the contributions of individuals promoting the Japanese culture. Moreover, this day is important for universities and students. Schools display the artwork of their students to show off their talent.

The parades and festivals during Culture Day are a sight to behold. The Tokyo Jidai Matsuri, or ‘Festival of Ages’, is celebrated near the Sensoji Temple in Tokyo, and it is a big draw for locals and visitors alike. People dress up in various period costumes (usually the Edo period). Samurai warriors, geisha, daimyos, and the like can be seen parading the streets of the city.

As well as the Order of Culture, other culture-related award ceremonies take place around Culture Day in Japan. Since 1946, the Agency of Cultural Affairs (ACA) National Arts Festival has been held with aims of enabling a wide segment of the public to enjoy outstanding works of art from Japan, to encourage creativity and develop the arts. 

Most Searched FAQs on Japanese Culture Day: 

1. When is Japanese Culture Day celebrated? 

Japanese Culture Day is annually celebrated on 3rd November. 

2. What is special about Japanese culture? 

Japan’s architecture, art, traditions, crafts. Also, its worldwide known pop culture (including manga, anime, and video games). It’s something that definitely only Japan can offer. No other country contains the same characteristics. 

3. What is Japan best known for? 

Japan is famous for natural sights like cherry blossoms and Mount Fuji, cutting-edge technology like Japanese cars and bullet trains, wacky inventions like karaoke and vending machines, cultural values like politeness and punctuality, popular anime and manga, and mouth-watering food like ramen and sushi. 

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